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[遵义seo公司]MacOS配置网络教程

  1、IP地址配置

  手动指定IP

  以下3个命令都可以完成IP地址的配置:

  - ifconfig interface [address_family] [address [netmask]]

  - ipconfig set interface-name (MANUAL

   INFORM) ip-address subnet-mask

  - networksetup -setmanual <networkservice> <ip> <subnet> <router>

  手动指定IP举例:

  

macbook$ sudo ifconfig en0 inet 192.168.1.10 netmask 255.255.255.0
macbook$ sudo ipconfig set en0 MANUAL 192.168.1.10 255.255.255.0
macbook$ sudo networksetup -setmanual Wi-Fi 192.168.1.10 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.1

 

  注意:ifconfig和ipconfig都是指定网口设备名称,而networksetup要求使用MacOS为网口设置的别名(所谓“network service”)来指定网口。

  

 

  使用DHCP配置IP

  可以使用以下2个命令来重新获取DHCP配置:

  - ipconfig set interface-name (DHCP

   BOOTP)

  - networksetup -setdhcp <networkservice>

  使用DHCP动态获取IP地址举例:

  

macbook$ ipconfig set en0 DHCP
macbook$ networksetup -setdhcp Wi-Fi

 

  注意:ifconfig和ipconfig都是指定网口设备名称,而networksetup要求使用MacOS为网口设置的别名(所谓“network service”)来指定网口。

  

 

  配置默认网关

  可以使用以下命令配置默认网关:

  - networksetup -setmanual <networkservice> <ip> <subnet> <router>

  - route [add

   change ] default <gateway>

  - route [add

   change ] -net 0.0.0.0 <gateway>

  默认网关配置举例:

  

macbook$ sudo networksetup -setmanual Wi-Fi 192.168.1.10 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.1

 

  以下两条命令等价:

  

macbook$ sudo route add default 192.168.1.1
macbook$ sudo route add -net 0.0.0.0 192.168.1.1

 

  如果已存在默认路由,CentOS你可能需要先删除现有默认路由,然后再添加默认路由:

  

macbook$ sudo route delete default
macbook$ sudo route add default 192.168.1.1

 

  或者你也可以替换现有默认路由:

  

macbook$ sudo route change default 192.168.1.1

 

  添加静态路由

  可以使用以下命令添加路由:

  

macbook$ sudo route [-n] [add 

 

   delete

   change] [-net

   -host] [-ifscope boundif] destination gateway [netmask]

 

  首先查看当前路由表:

  

macbook$ netstat -nr
Routing tables
Internet:
Destination Gateway Flags Refs Use Netif Expire
default 192.168.1.1 UGSc 21 5 en0
127 127.0.0.1 UCS 0 0 lo0
127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 UH 1 1699 lo0
169.254 link#4 UCS 0 0 en0
169.254 link#6 UCSI 1 0 en6
169.254.89.143/32 link#6 UCS 0 0 en6
192.168.1 link#4 UCS 1 0 en0
192.168.1.1/32 link#4 UCS 1 0 en0
192.168.1.1 f4:ec:38:1e:ea:52 UHLWIir 19 224 en0 887
192.168.1.101/32 link#4 UCS 1 0 en0
192.168.1.101 48:d7:5:cb:7d:bd UHLWIi 1 4 lo0
192.168.1.104 7c:b2:32:70:33:5c UHLWI 0 2 en0 1053
224.0.0/4 link#4 UmCS 2 0 en0
224.0.0/4 link#6 UmCSI 0 0 en6
224.0.0.251 1:0:5e:0:0:fb UHmLWI 0 0 en0
239.255.255.250 1:0:5e:7f:ff:fa UHmLWI 0 3 en0
255.255.255.255/32 link#4 UCS 0 0 en0
255.255.255.255/32 link#6 UCSI 0 0 en6
Internet6:
Destination Gateway Flags Netif Expire
default fe80::%utun1 UGcI utun1
::1 ::1 UHL lo0
fdf7:a4c1:cda:e04f::/64 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 Uc utun0
fdf7:a4c1:cda:e04f:f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70 link#10 UHL lo0
fe80::%lo0/64 fe80::1%lo0 UcI lo0
fe80::1%lo0 link#1 UHLI lo0
fe80::%en0/64 link#4 UCI en0
fe80::ca3:96a0:7113:b973%en0 48:d7:5:cb:7d:bd UHLI lo0
fe80::%en6/64 link#6 UCI en6
fe80::c02:7c0f:52a1:d528%en6 ff:fa:0:0:78:86 UHLI lo0
fe80::%awdl0/64 link#8 UCI awdl0
fe80::e00e:6dff:fef9:e630%awdl0 e2:e:6d:f9:e6:30 UHLI lo0
fe80::%utun0/64 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 UcI utun0
fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 link#10 UHLI lo0
fe80::%utun1/64 fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 UcI utun1
fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 link#11 UHLI lo0
ff01::%lo0/32 ::1 UmCI lo0
ff01::%en0/32 link#4 UmCI en0
ff01::%en6/32 link#6 UmCI en6
ff01::%awdl0/32 link#8 UmCI awdl0
ff01::%utun0/32 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 UmCI utun0
ff01::%utun1/32 fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 UmCI utun1
ff02::%lo0/32 ::1 UmCI lo0
ff02::%en0/32 link#4 UmCI en0
ff02::%en6/32 link#6 UmCI en6
ff02::%awdl0/32 link#8 UmCI awdl0
ff02::%utun0/32 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 UmCI utun0
ff02::%utun1/32 fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 UmCI utun1

 

  方法1:添加路由:

  

macbook$ sudo route add -net 10.1.1.1/32 192.168.1.1
Password:
add net 10.1.1.1: gateway 192.168.1.1

 

  查看当前路由表:

  

macbook$ netstat -nr
Routing tables
Internet:
Destination Gateway Flags Refs Use Netif Expire
default 192.168.1.1 UGSc 23 5 en0
10.1.1.1/32 192.168.1.1 UGSc 0 0 en0
127 127.0.0.1 UCS 0 0 lo0
127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 UH 1 1699 lo0
169.254 link#4 UCS 0 0 en0
169.254 link#6 UCSI 1 0 en6
169.254.89.143/32 link#6 UCS 0 0 en6
192.168.1 link#4 UCS 1 0 en0
192.168.1.1/32 link#4 UCS 1 0 en0
192.168.1.1 f4:ec:38:1e:ea:52 UHLWIir 22 210 en0 1000
192.168.1.101/32 link#4 UCS 1 0 en0
192.168.1.101 48:d7:5:cb:7d:bd UHLWI 0 4 lo0
192.168.1.104 7c:b2:32:70:33:5c UHLWIi 1 2 en0 1166
224.0.0/4 link#4 UmCS 2 0 en0
224.0.0/4 link#6 UmCSI 0 0 en6
224.0.0.251 1:0:5e:0:0:fb UHmLWI 0 0 en0
239.255.255.250 1:0:5e:7f:ff:fa UHmLWI 0 3 en0
255.255.255.255/32 link#4 UCS 0 0 en0
255.255.255.255/32 link#6 UCSI 0 0 en6
Internet6:
Destination Gateway Flags Netif Expire
default fe80::%utun1 UGcI utun1
::1 ::1 UHL lo0
fdf7:a4c1:cda:e04f::/64 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 Uc utun0
fdf7:a4c1:cda:e04f:f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70 link#10 UHL lo0
fe80::%lo0/64 fe80::1%lo0 UcI lo0
fe80::1%lo0 link#1 UHLI lo0
fe80::%en0/64 link#4 UCI en0
fe80::ca3:96a0:7113:b973%en0 48:d7:5:cb:7d:bd UHLI lo0
fe80::%en6/64 link#6 UCI en6
fe80::c02:7c0f:52a1:d528%en6 ff:fa:0:0:78:86 UHLI lo0
fe80::%awdl0/64 link#8 UCI awdl0
fe80::e00e:6dff:fef9:e630%awdl0 e2:e:6d:f9:e6:30 UHLI lo0
fe80::%utun0/64 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 UcI utun0
fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 link#10 UHLI lo0
fe80::%utun1/64 fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 UcI utun1
fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 link#11 UHLI lo0
ff01::%lo0/32 ::1 UmCI lo0
ff01::%en0/32 link#4 UmCI en0
ff01::%en6/32 link#6 UmCI en6
ff01::%awdl0/32 link#8 UmCI awdl0
ff01::%utun0/32 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 UmCI utun0
ff01::%utun1/32 fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 UmCI utun1
ff02::%lo0/32 ::1 UmCI lo0
ff02::%en0/32 link#4 UmCI en0
ff02::%en6/32 link#6 UmCI en6
ff02::%awdl0/32 link#8 UmCI awdl0
ff02::%utun0/32 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 UmCI utun0
ff02::%utun1/32 fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 UmCI utun1

 

  方法二:添加路由:

  macbook$ sudo route add -net 10.1.1.2 -netmask 255.255.255.255 192.168.1.1

  add net 10.1.1.2: gateway 192.168.1.1

  查看路由表:

  

macbook$ netstat -nr
Routing tables
Internet:
Destination Gateway Flags Refs Use Netif Expire
default 192.168.1.1 UGSc 21 5 en0
10.1.1.1/32 192.168.1.1 UGSc 0 0 en0
10.1.1.2/32 192.168.1.1 UGSc 0 0 en0
127 127.0.0.1 UCS 0 0 lo0
127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 UH 1 1699 lo0
169.254 link#4 UCS 0 0 en0
169.254 link#6 UCSI 1 0 en6
169.254.89.143/32 link#6 UCS 0 0 en6
192.168.1 link#4 UCS 2 0 en0
192.168.1.1/32 link#4 UCS 1 0 en0
192.168.1.1 f4:ec:38:1e:ea:52 UHLWIir 21 224 en0 962
192.168.1.101/32 link#4 UCS 1 0 en0
192.168.1.101 48:d7:5:cb:7d:bd UHLWI 0 4 lo0
192.168.1.104 7c:b2:32:70:33:5c UHLWI 0 2 en0 1128
224.0.0/4 link#4 UmCS 2 0 en0
224.0.0/4 link#6 UmCSI 0 0 en6
224.0.0.251 1:0:5e:0:0:fb UHmLWI 0 0 en0
239.255.255.250 1:0:5e:7f:ff:fa UHmLWI 0 3 en0
255.255.255.255/32 link#4 UCS 0 0 en0
255.255.255.255/32 link#6 UCSI 0 0 en6
Internet6:
Destination Gateway Flags Netif Expire
default fe80::%utun1 UGcI utun1
::1 ::1 UHL lo0
fdf7:a4c1:cda:e04f::/64 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 Uc utun0
fdf7:a4c1:cda:e04f:f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70 link#10 UHL lo0
fe80::%lo0/64 fe80::1%lo0 UcI lo0
fe80::1%lo0 link#1 UHLI lo0
fe80::%en0/64 link#4 UCI en0
fe80::ca3:96a0:7113:b973%en0 48:d7:5:cb:7d:bd UHLI lo0
fe80::%en6/64 link#6 UCI en6
fe80::c02:7c0f:52a1:d528%en6 ff:fa:0:0:78:86 UHLI lo0
fe80::%awdl0/64 link#8 UCI awdl0
fe80::e00e:6dff:fef9:e630%awdl0 e2:e:6d:f9:e6:30 UHLI lo0
fe80::%utun0/64 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 UcI utun0
fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 link#10 UHLI lo0
fe80::%utun1/64 fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 UcI utun1
fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 link#11 UHLI lo0
ff01::%lo0/32 ::1 UmCI lo0
ff01::%en0/32 link#4 UmCI en0
ff01::%en6/32 link#6 UmCI en6
ff01::%awdl0/32 link#8 UmCI awdl0
ff01::%utun0/32 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 UmCI utun0
ff01::%utun1/32 fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 UmCI utun1
ff02::%lo0/32 ::1 UmCI lo0
ff02::%en0/32 link#4 UmCI en0
ff02::%en6/32 link#6 UmCI en6
ff02::%awdl0/32 link#8 UmCI awdl0
ff02::%utun0/32 fe80::f4d3:8e83:6ac7:4c70%utun0 UmCI utun0
ff02::%utun1/32 fe80::593a:c424:495:3b05%utun1 UmCI utun1

 

  2、设置DNS

  指定DNS服务器

  配置命令:

  

macbook$ networksetup -setdnsservers <networkservice> <dns1> [dns2] [...]

 

  示例:

  

macbook$ sudo networksetup -setdnsservers Wi-Fi 114.114.114.114 114.114.114.115

 

  不指定DNS地址参数时,清空配置DNS服务器:

  

macbook$ sudo networksetup -setdnsservers Wi-Fi

 

  查看当前配置的DNS服务器

  方法一:查看手动指定的DNS服务器地址

  命令:

  macbook$ networksetup -getdnsservers <networkservice>

  

 

  注意:此命令只能查看手动指定的DNS服务器地址,无法查看到由DHCP获得的DNS地址!

  

 

  示例:

  

macbook$ sudo networksetup -getdnsservers Wi-Fi

 

  方法二: 查看由DHCP配置的DNS地址

  命令:

  

macbook$ ipconfig getpacket interface-name

 

  此命令用以查看从DHCP获得的相关网络配置信息,同时也包含DNS配置信息!08 2020.10 「济宁市响应式网站制作」MySQL批量SQL插入性能优化详解 对于一些数据量较大的系统,数据库面临的问题除了查询效率低下,还有就是数据入库时间长。特别像报表系统,每天花费在数据导入上的时间可能会长达几个小时或十几个小时之久。

  示例:

  

macbook$ sudo ipconfig getpacket en0
Password:
op = BOOTREPLY
htype = 1
flags = 0
hlen = 6
hops = 0
xid = 0x1da0b2e6
secs = 0
ciaddr = 0.0.0.0
yiaddr = 192.168.1.101
siaddr = 0.0.0.0
giaddr = 0.0.0.0
chaddr = 48:d7:5:cb:7d:bd
sname = 
file = 
options:
Options count is 7
dhcp_message_type (uint8): ACK 0x5
server_identifier (ip): 192.168.1.1
lease_time (uint32): 0xffffffff
subnet_mask (ip): 255.255.255.0
router (ip_mult): {192.168.1.1}
domain_name_server (ip_mult): {114.114.114.114, 114.114.115.115}
end (none):

 

  3、linux运维清除DNS缓存

  OS X 10.9 (Mavericks):

  

macbook$ dscacheutil -flushcache; sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder

 

  OS X 10.10 (Yosemite):

  

macbook$ sudo discoveryutil udnsflushcaches

 

  Versions 10.10.4+:

  

macbook$ sudo dscacheutil -flushcache;sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder

 

  OS X 10.11 (El Capitan) and OS X 10.12 (Sierra):

  

macbook$ sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder

 

  OS X 10.12.4:

  

macbook$ sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder; sudo killall mDNSResponderHelper; sudo dscacheutil -flushcache;

 

  推荐教程:《MacOS教程》

  以上就是MacOS配置网络教程的详细内容,[遵义seo公司]更多请关注久澳传媒编程栏目其它相关文章!

[遵义seo公司]MacOS配置网络教程

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